A lace made using a needle and thread. It is the most flexible of the lace-making arts and considered by some to be the highest form. In an early form of needle lace, developed in the fifteenth century and known as Punto in Aria (meaning stitches in the air), outline stitches wear basted onto a temporary backing comprising a parchment pattern and layer of fabric. A simple button-hole stitch was then used to cover and connect the pattern threads. The connecting stitches between the motifs were called brides as these married the motifs.